Contract Law
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Contract law is a very complex area, one that affects us all, in one way or another. Quite often we find ourselves in need of clear advice which isn t available. However, this latest edition of A Straightforward Guide to Contract Law provides clear and comprehensive answers to all aspects of contract law and the formation of contracts. The book is concise and clear and updates the law to 2017.



Publié par
Date de parution 25 février 2017
Nombre de lectures 3
EAN13 9781847167392
Langue English

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,0300€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.


Peter Clarke
Straightforward Guides
Straightforward Guides
Straightforward Publishing 2017
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in a retrieval system or transmitted by any means, electronic or mechanical, photocopying or other wise, without the prior permission of the copyright holder.
British Cataloguing in Publication data. A catalogue record is available for this book from the British Library.
ISBN: 978-1-84716-677-7 eISBN: 978-1-84716-530-5 Kindle ISBN: 978-1-84716-531-2
Printed in the United Kingdom by 4edge
Cover Design by Bookworks Islington
Whilst every effort has been made to ensure that the information in this book is accurate at the time of going to print, the author and publisher recognise that the information can become out of date. The book is therefore sold on the understanding that no responsibility for errors and omissions is assumed and no responsibility is held for the information held within.
Table of cases
1 Introduction
The necessity of contract law
Contract law-a brief history
Freedom of contract
Contracts and the notion of fairness
The objective approach
2 Forming a Contract
The nature of contracts
The notion of offer and acceptance
The invitation to treat
Retailers websites
Offers of sale in shops
Contracts and advertisement
Bilateral contracts
Communication of offers
The length of time an offer should last
Acceptance of an offer
Communicating acceptance of an offer
Ignorance of the offer
Tenders, auctions and the sale of land
Certainty of contract
Terms implied into contract by statute
Intention to create legal relations
Domestic and social agreements
Commercial agreements
The capacity to enter into a contract
Mental incapacity
Registered companies
Statutory companies
Chartered corporations
Contracts which must be by deed
Contracts which must be in writing
Main points from chapter two
3 Consideration and Contracts
Promisor and Promisee
Executory and executed consideration
The rules of consideration
Performance of an existing duty
Existing public duty
Existing contractual duty to the promisor
Existing contractual duty to a third party
Waiver and promissory estoppel
Agreement by deed
Main points from chapter three
4 Terms of Contracts
Express terms of contracts
Oral statements
Written terms of a contract
The parol evidence rule
Partially written agreements
Implied terms
Collateral agreements
Construction of express terms in contracts
Implied terms
The classification of contractual terms
Unfair contract terms
Misrepresentation in contracts
Representation and terms of contract
Refusal of specific performance
Main points from chapter four
5 Errors and contracts
The general principles
Common mistake
Mistake as to title
Mistaken identity
Mistake over the terms of the contract
Mistakes relating to documents
Mutual and unilateral mistakes
Mistakes in equity
Main points from chapter five
6 Contracts and illegality
Illegal mode of performance
Contracts violating legal rules
Breach of common law
Breach of legislation
Contracts in restraint of trade
Employee restraint
Vendor restraint
Agreements between merchants and the trade
Wagering contracts
Competition law
Contracts against public policy
Contracts prejudicial to public safety
The effect of an illegal contract
Main points from chapter 6
7. Duress and Undue Influence
Compulsion or coercion of the will
Undue influence
Inequality of bargaining power
Illegitimate pressure
Manifest disadvantage
Main points from chapter seven
8. Third Party Rights
The rights of third parties
Express provision in the contract
The contract purports to confer a benefit on a third party
Consent to variations
Common law exceptions
Collateral contracts
Main points from chapter eight
9 Discharge of a Contract
Performance under contract
Mitigation of the entire performance rule
Substantial performance
Severable contracts
Prevention of performance by one party
Breach of terms concerning time
Frustration of contract
Impossible to fulfill contract
Death of either party to the contract
Method of performance impossible
Performance made pointless
Time of frustrating event
Limits to the doctrine of frustration
When the event was foreseeable
Breach of contract
Remedies for breach of contract
Main points from chapter nine
10 Remedies for Breach of Contract
Calculating any loss
Action for an agreed sum
Equitable remedies
Specific performance
Consumer contracts and breaches of statutory rights
Remedies agreed by the parties
Main points from chapter ten
Glossary of terms
Table of cases
Adams v Lindsell (1818)
Allcard v Skinner 1887
Anderson v Daniel (1924)
Amalgamated InvestmentLtd v John Walker and sons Ltd (1977).
Armhouse Lee Ltd v Chappell (1996)
Atlas express v kafco (1989)
Balfour v Balfour (1919)
Bank of Credit and Commerce International
Barton and Armstrong (1975)
Bettini v Gye (1876)
Benningfield v Baxter 1886
Beswick v Beswick (1968)
Blackpool and Fylde Aeroclub v Blackpool Borough Council (1990)
Bowerman v Association of British Travel Agents Ltd (1996)
British Concrete Ltd v Scheff 1921
British Road Services v Crutchley (Arthur V) Ltd (1968),
Boulton v Jones (1857)
Boulton v Mahadevta (1972)
Car and Universal Finance Co Ltd v Caldwell (1965)
Carlill v Carbolic Smokeball (1893)
Central London Property Trust v High Trees (1947)
County Ltd v Girozentrale Securities (1996)
Couturier v Hastie (1856)
Cundy V Lindsey (1878).
Cutter v Powell (1795)
Davis Contractors Co Ltd v Fareham UDC (1956).
Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Co Ltd v New Garage and Motor Co Ltd (1915).
Errington v Errington (1952)
Esso Petroleum Ltd v Hopes Garage (Stockport) 1968
Fitch v Davies (1921)
Fisher v bell (1961)
Forster and sons Ltd v Suggett 1918
Frost v Knight (1872)
Gulling v Lynn 1831
Glasbrook Brothers v Glamorgan County Council (1925)
Gibson v Manchester City Council (1979)
Hadley v Baxendale (1854).
Hadley v kemp (1990)
Hart v O Connor (1985
Hartley v Ponsonby (1857)
Harvey v Facey (1893)
Henderson v Arthur (1907)
Hartog v Colin and Shields (1939)
Herbert Morris Ltd v Saxeby 1916
Home Counties Dairies v Skilton (1970)
Hong Kong Fir Shipping Co Ltd v Kawasaki (1962)
Hughes v Metropolitan Railways Co (1875)
Hyde v Wrench (1840)
Inland Revenue Commissioners v Fry 2001.
JA Mont (UK) Ltd v Mills 1993
Kings Norton metal Co v Edridge Merret and Co Ltd (1872)
Lancashire Loan Co v Black 1933
Leeds Rugby Ltd v Harris2005
Levy v Yates (1838).
Liverpool Council v Irwin (1977)
Lloyds Bank v Bundy (1974).
M and S Drapers v Reynolds 1057
North Ocean Shipping Co v Hyundai Construction Co (The Atlantic Baron) (1979)
Overy v Paypal (Europe) Ltd 2012.
Page One Records Ltd v Britton (1968)
Partridge v Crittendon (1968).
Pau v Lau Yiu Long (1980)
Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain v Boots Cash Chemists (Southern) Limited 1953
Proform Sports Management Ltd and Another (2006)
Raffles V Wichelhaas (1864)
Re Moore and Co Ltd and Landaur and Co (1921)
Roscorla v Thomas (1842)
Royal Bank of Scotland v Etridge (2001)
Scammell v Ouston (1941)
Scotson v Pegg (1861).
Shirlaw v Southern Foundries (1926).
Scott v Coulson (1993).
Shanklin Pier Ltd v Detel Products Ltd (1951).
Smith v Hughes (1871)
Stenhouse (Australia) Ltd v Phelps 1974
Superservant Two (1990)
Tamplin v James (1879)
Taylor v Caldwell (1863)
Ward v Byham (1956)
Walker v Boyle (1982)
Warner Bros Pictures v Nelson (1937)
William v Roffey Bros (1991)
White v Bluett (1853)
Whittington v Seale-Hays (1900)
Ch. 1
This latest book in the Straightforward Guides Series, A Straightforward Guide to Contract Law, Revised Edition, updated to 2017 is a comprehensive and easy to understand introduction to the complex area of contract law. The book covers key changes to contract law that arise from the introduction of the Consumer Rights Act 2015.
These changes relate to sale and supply law in the context of consumer contracts-in particular the implied promises made by a trader, and the corresponding rights of the consumer. Certain pre-contract information supplied by a trader in a B2C (buyer to consumer) contract may also become terms.
Other significant changes affecting contract law include the changes to consumer law governing unfair contract terms, with the enactment of a single regime governing B2C contracts in Part 2 of the Consumer Rights Act 2015 and the separation of the legislative regulation of exemption clauses in B2B contracts within UCTA 1977. Parts 1 and 2 of the Consumer Rights Act 2015 consolidate and replace the Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts Regulations 1999 (UTCCRs) and relevant provisions of the Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 (UCTA).
The Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 applies only to exemption clauses covering business liability and, since the CRA 2015, does not cover any exemption clauses that would be covered by the Act, i.e. in contracts between a trader and a consumer. The CRA 2015 defines a trader as a person acting for purposes relating to that persons trade, business craft or profession. A consumer is defined as an individual acting for purposes that are wholly or mainly outside the indiviual s trade, business, craft or profession.
The other main statutory amendment is that of the Consumer Protection Amendment Regulations 2

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